Welcome to the Czech Republic
The Czech Republic (CR) has an area of 78,864 km sq.
and a population of 10.5 million. Its capital Prague is the
largest city, with 1.2 million inhabitants. Brno and Ostrava
are the next largest cities in the country. The
Czech Republic encompasses the historic territories of
Bohemia and Moravia, and parts of Silesia. For administrative
purposes, the country is divided into 14 regions.
The Czech Republic is a land-locked country situated
in central Europe. It borders with Poland,
Germany, Austria and Slovakia.
In 2012, the average gross salary of Czech employees was nearly CZK 25.137. The minimum salary in the Czech Republic is CZK 8,500. The life expectancy is 80 years for women and 74 years for men.
Czech industrial production has a long tradition and many Czech products are known and respected worldwide. Traditional Czech products include lead crystal, cut glass, porcelain, Bohemian garnet, beer, and Škoda cars.
Before the arrival of the Slavs in the 6th century, the Czech lands had been inhabited by Germanic and Celtic tribes. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century under the Přemyslids. During the reign of Charles IV (1346-1378), Prague grew to be one of the largest cities in Europe. It acquired its Gothic architecture and landmarks including Charles University (the first university in Central Europe), Charles Bridge and St. Vitus Cathedral. In the second half of the 16th century, the city experienced great prosperity under Emperor Rudolf II. He established a great collection of art, and renowned artists and scholars were invited to his court.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Bohemia was part of the Austrian Empire. At the end of World War I in 1918, Czechoslovakia declared itself an independent state, forming a new Republic comprised of three parts: Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia. In March 1939, Germany occupied Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II, in 1945, Czechoslovakia was re-established as an independent state. Three years later the Communists took control of the country and Czechoslovakia became a communist-ruled state. The communist government resigned in November 1989 after a week of demonstrations known as the Velvet Revolution. The popular Vaclav Havel became president of the Republic. In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into two independent countries: Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
The Czech Republic is a member of NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group. On May 1, 2004, Czech Republic became part of the European Union.
Political systemThe Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy with the President (Miloš Zeman, since 2013) as its head of State. The Parliament consists of two chambers, the Chamber of Deputies (200 seats, 4 year terms) and the Senate (81 seats, 6 year terms). The executive in the Czech Republic is composed of the President and the Government (a Prime Minister and his Ministers). The judiciary forms the third pillar of power and is executed by independent courts.
As a landlocked country, the Czech Republic has a moderate temperate climate with four seasons, characterized by cool summers and cold, cloudy and humid winters. The average temperatures are -5 degrees Centigrade in January, the coldest winter month, and around +23 degrees Centigrade in July, the warmest summer month.
The Czech Republic on the web pages:
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic - Official presentation of the CR
- Czech Statistical Office
- Documentation of OECD
- CzechInvest - the Investment Gateway to the Czech Republic